The Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) distributes Near Real-Time (NRT) active fire data within 3 hours of satellite observation from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Aqua and Terra satellites, and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) aboard S-NPP and NOAA 20 (formally known as JPSS-1).
The active fire / hotspot data can be viewed in FIRMS Fire Map or in NASA’s Worldview , delivered as email alerts or downloaded in the following formats: SHP, KML, TXT, WMS
FIRMS is part of NASA’s Land, Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS (LANCE).
NASA FIRMS uses satellite observations from the MODIS and VIIRS instruments to detect active fires and thermal anomalies and deliver this information in near real-time to decision makers through email alerts, analysis ready data, online maps and web services.
FIRMS was originally developed by the University of Maryland, with funds from NASA’s Applied Sciences Program and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO). It was transitioned to NASA LANCE in 2012.
FIRMS focus and objectives include: